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Chemistry -

Inorganic Chemistry

Chemical Calculations


-> Chemical Calculations : Formula Weight (FW) or Formula Mass
-> Mole Concept and Molar Mass with Example Problems
-> Converting Grams of Substances to Moles and Grams with Solved Problems
-> Calculation of Empirical Formula from Quantitative Analysis and Percentage composition
-> Stoichiometry Equations
-> Rules for writing stoichiometric equations
-> Balancing chemical equation in its molecular form
-> General Rules for assigning Oxidation Number to an atom
-> Balancing Redox reaction by Oxidation Number Method
-> Methods of Expressing the concentration of solution
-> Volumetric Analysis - Law with Solved problem
-> Determination of equivalent masses of elements
-> Equivalent mass of acid, base, salt, oxidising agent and reducing agent
-> Determination of Molecular Mass Victor-Meyer's Method
-> Calculations based on Principle of Volumetric Analysis

General Introduction to Metallurgy


-> Metallurgy - Ores and Minerals
-> Sources from earth, living systems and in sea
-> Metallurgy - Purification of ores
-> Metallurgical processes
-> Metallurgy - Purification of metals

Atomic Structure I


-> Rutherford’s Scattering Experiment
-> Defects of Rutherford’s model
-> Postulates of Bohr’s model of an atom
-> Limitation of Bohr’s Theory
-> Electronic configuration and quantum numbers
-> Shapes or boundary surfaces of Orbitals
-> Pauli’s exclusion principle and Uses
-> Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity
-> Aufbau Principle
-> Stability of orbitals

Periodic Classification I


-> Brief history of periodic classification
-> Earlier periodic classification
-> Modern Periodic Law
-> IUPAC Nomenclature for Elements with Z greater than 100
-> Electronic configuration and periodic table
-> Types of elements: s-, p-,d-, f- Blocks
-> Atomic and ionic radii
-> Variation of Ionization Energy in the periodic Table
-> Factors Influencing Ionization Enthalpy
-> Electron affinity
-> Electronegativity
-> Anomalous periodic properties in terms of screening constant, stability etc.

Group 1 sBlock elements


-> The structure of the three isotopes of hydrogen
-> Deuterium: Methods of Preparation, properties and Uses
-> Tritium - preparation, Properties, Uses
-> Ortho and Para hydrogen: Conversion and Properties
-> Heavy water: Preparation, Principle, Properties, Important reactions, Uses
-> Hydrogen peroxide: Preparation, Properties, reactions, Uses
-> Liquid hydrogen as a fuel
-> Alkali Metals: General characteristics, Physical Properties
-> Lithium : Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses
-> Sodium: Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses

Group 2 sBlock elements


-> Group 2 s - Block Elements
-> Magnesium: Important Ores, Metallurgy, Properties, Uses
-> Compounds of alkaline earth metals

pBlock elements


-> p-Block Elements - General Characteristics
-> Group 13 - Boron Group (B, Al, Ga, In, Tl): Extraction, Properties
-> Carbon group elements: properties, Structure, Uses
-> Structure of Diamond, Graphite, Buckminster fullerenes
-> Metallic character of Carbon group elements
-> Nitrogen Group
-> Nitric acid: Preparation, Properties
-> Importance of molecular oxygen
-> Oxygen: Oxides Classification
-> Ozone: Laboratory preparation, Properties, Uses, structure, layer
-> Factors affecting ozone layer

Atomic Structure II


-> Chronology Of Atomic Structure
-> Dual Property of an Electron
-> Difference between a particle and a wave
-> Experiments to prove particle and wave property of Electrons
-> The Uncertainty Principle
-> de-Broglie Relation and Significance of de-Broglie waves
-> The Wave Nature Of Electrons
-> Shapes of orbitals: s, p, d Shapes
-> Molecular Orbital Theory: Energy level diagram for molecular orbitals
-> Electronic configuration of a molecule and its correlation with molecular behaviour
-> Molecular orbital energy level diagrams -Hydrogen, Hypothetical, Nitrogen, Oxygen
-> Hybridization : Salient Features, Type, Example
-> Importance, Strength, Types of Hydrogen bonds - Intermolecular Forces

Periodic Classification II


-> Review Of Periodic Properties
-> Calculation Of Atomic Radius (Covalent Radius)
-> Calculation of ionic radii - Pauling's Method, Slater rules
-> Factors governing ionization energy
-> Electron Affinity or Electron gain enthalpy (E.A.)
-> Factors affecting electron affinity
-> Electronegativity Scales
-> Applications of electronegativity

p Block Elements


-> General characteristics of p-block elements
-> Electronic configuration of the Boron family elements
-> Group - 14 Elements - The Carbon Family
-> Silicones - structure and uses
-> Metallurgy of Lead: Ores, Properties, Extraction, Purification, Uses
-> Group - 15 Elements - The Nitrogen Family
-> Compounds of Phosphorus
-> Halides of Phosphorus: Phosphorus TrichlorideII. Phosphorus pentachloride - Preparation, properties, Structure
-> Oxides of phosphorus: Preparation, properties, Structure
-> Oxy-Acids of Phosphorus: Preparation, properties, Structure
-> Phosphine - PH3: Preparation, properties, Structure
-> Group 16 The 'Oxygen' Family
-> Group 17 - The Halogen Family
-> Anamalous Nature of Fluorine
-> Isolation, Physical, Chemical Properties, Uses Of Fluorine
-> Structures of interhalogen compounds
-> Group 18 Noble Gases Or Inert Gases
-> Isolation Of Noble Gases: Ramsay - Raleigh's and Dewar's Method
-> Uses Of Noble Gas

d Block Elements


-> Classification and Electronic configuration of d-block Elements
-> General characteristics of d-block elements
-> Copper: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
-> Chromium: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties, Uses and alloys
-> Zinc: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
-> silver: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
-> Gold: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
-> Extraction from Gold Ores - Mac Arthur Forrest Cyanide Process
-> Potassium dichromate: Preparation, Properties and Uses
-> Copper Sulphate or Blue vitriol: Preparation, Properties and Uses
-> Silver nitrate or Lunar caustic: Preparation, Properties and Uses
-> Zinc carbonate and Purple of cassius: Preparation, Properties and Uses

f Block Elements


-> General Characteristics of f-block elements and extraction
-> General properties of Lanthanides
-> General Properties of Actinide Series
-> Comparison of Lanthanides and Actinides
-> Uses of Lanthanides and actinides
-> Simple salt and Molecular (or) addition compounds

Coordination Compounds and BioCoordination Compounds


-> Terminology Used In Coordination Chemistry
-> IUPAC Nomenclature Of Mononuclear Coordination Compounds
-> Types of Isomerism: Structural and Stereo isomerism
-> Theories Of Coordination Compounds: Werner's theory, Valence bond theory
-> Uses of coordination compounds
-> Bio Coordination Compounds – aemoglobin, Chlorophyll

Nuclear Chemistry


-> Nuclear Chemistry - Indroduction
-> Difference between chemical reactions and nuclear reactions
-> Type Of Nuclear Reaction
-> Radiocarbon Dating and Uses
-> Uses Of Radioactive Isotopes

Physical Chemistry

Solid state I


-> Crystalline solids and Amorphous solids
-> Difference between Crystalline and Amorphous Solids
-> Characteristic parameters and seven classes of unit cell
-> Miller Indices

Gaseous state I


-> Properties of gases
-> The gas laws: Boyle's law and Charle's Law
-> Numerical values of gas constant (R)
-> Dalton's law of partial Pressures
-> Graham's Law of Diffusion
-> Causes for deviation of real gas from ideal behaviour
-> Vanderwaal's Equation of state : Units, Significance, Limitations
-> Gaseous state - Critical phenomena
-> Joule-Thomson Effect and Inversion temperature (Ti)
-> Conditions of liquefaction of gases: Linde's Method, Claude's process

Chemical Bonding


-> Elementary theories on Chemical Bonding
-> Kossel-Lewis approach to Chemical Bonding
-> Ionic (or) Electrovalent bond
-> Lattice energy and Born - Haber's cycle
-> Determination and Calculation of lattice enthalpy of NaCl
-> Properties of electrovalent (or) ionic compounds
-> Covalent bond: Lewis dot structure and Double bond formation
-> Characteristics of covalent compounds
-> Fajan's rules: Covalent character of ionic bonds
-> Polarity of Covalent Bonds
-> Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR) Theory
-> Directional Properties of Covalent Bonds
-> Theory of Hybridisation
-> Chemical Bonding: Concept of Resonance
-> Co-ordinate-covalent bonding or Dative bonding

Colligative Properties


-> Colligative Properties and its Scope
-> Lowering of Vapour Pressure
-> Raoult's Law and Dynamic method (or) Ostwald - Walker method
-> Depression of freezing point of dilute solution
-> Measurement of freezing point depression by Beckmann method
-> Elevation of boiling point of dilute solutions and Cottrell's Method
-> Osmosis in solution
-> Determination of molecular weight and osmotic pressure by Berkley-Hartley method
-> Abnormal Colligative Properties

Thermodynamics I


-> Introduction and Terminology used in Thermodynamics
-> Thermodynamics: State functions of a system
-> Thermodyanamic processes
-> Different between Exothermic and endothermic processes
-> Thermodynamics: Difference between Irreversible and Reversible process
-> Nature of thermodynamic functions
-> Zeroth law of thermodynamics or Thermal equilibrium
-> Thermodynamics: Work, heat and energy
-> First law of thermodynamics
-> Relation between enthalpy `H' and internal energy `U'
-> Thermochemical equations
-> Enthalpy of combustion - Bomb calorimeter
-> Enthalpy of neutralisation

Chemical Equilibrium I


-> Scope and Nature of Chemical Equilibrium
-> Dynamic Equilibrium: Characteristics, Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
-> Law of chemical equilibrium and equilibrium constant with example
-> Formation of HI from H2 and I2 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
-> Dissociation of PCl5 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
-> Characteristics of Equilibrium constant
-> Heterogeneous equilibria

Chemical Kinetics I


-> Scope of chemical kinetics
-> Rate of chemical reactions
-> Factors influencing reaction rates
-> Chemical Kinetics: Unit of rate constant
-> Molecularity of the reaction
-> Classification of rates based on the order of the reaction
-> Characteristics of organic compounds
-> Purification of Organic compounds: Crystallisation
-> Sublimation - Purification of Organic compounds
-> Methods for the purification of liquids Distillation
-> Chromatography and Different Chromatographic Techniques

Solid State II


-> Types of Cubic System
-> Bragg's Equation and spectrometer method
-> Types Of Crystals
-> Imperfections In Solids
-> Super conductors property of Crystalline solids
-> Glasses - Amorphous solids

Thermodynamics II


-> Limitations Of First Law Of Thermodynamics
-> Second law of thermodynamics
-> Entropy And Entropy Change
-> Characteristics of entropy 'S'
-> Gibbs free energy 'G' and Standard free energy (G°)
-> Characteristics of Free energy 'G'
-> Le Chatelier's Principle: Haber's and Contact Process

Chemical Equilibrium II


-> Le Chatelier's Principle: Haber's and Contact Process
-> Attainment Of Equilibrium In Chemical Reactions

Chemical Kinetics II


-> Rate And Order Of A Reaction
-> Rate equation for first order reactions
-> Pseudo-First Order Reactions
-> Determination of rate constant of acid catalysed hydrolysis of an ester
-> Temperature Dependance Of Rate Constant
-> Simple And Complex Reactions : Difference and Types

Surface Chemistry


-> Classification, Factors affecting of adsorption of gases on solids
-> General characteristics and Types of catalytic reactions
-> Types of catalysts
-> Theories Of Catalysis
-> Colloids and Types of Colloids
-> Preparation Of Colloids : Dispersion and Condensation method
-> Purification Methods Of Sols
-> Properties of Colloids
-> Natural and Technical Applications Of Colloids
-> Emulsions and Types of emulsions

Electro Chemistry I


-> Electro Chemistry: Conductors , Insulators And Semi Conductors
-> Theory Of Electrolytic Conductance
-> Postulates of Arrhenius Theory
-> Evidences of Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation
-> Ostwald’s dilution law for weak electrolytes
-> Faraday’s Laws Of Electrolysis
-> Electrical Conductance Quantities
-> Variation Of Equivalent Conductance With Concentration
-> Kohlraush’s Law - Application with example
-> Ionic Product Of Water : The pH of solutions
-> Buffer Solutions
-> Henderson-Hasselbalch equation and its Significance
-> Selection of pH indicators and Titration
-> Ostwald’s theory and Quinonoid Theory

Electro Chemistry II


-> Electrochemistry – Cells and Daniel cell
-> Electro Chemistry - Cell Terminology
-> Single Electrode Potential

Organic Chemistry

Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry


-> Basic Concepts Of Organic Chemistry - Introduction
-> Classification of Organic Compounds: open chain, cyclic compounds

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