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12th Standard Higher secondary Second Year

Chemistry -

Inorganic Chemistry

Atomic Structure II

-> Chronology Of Atomic Structure
-> Dual Property of an Electron
-> Difference between a particle and a wave
-> Experiments to prove particle and wave property of Electrons
-> The Uncertainty Principle
-> de-Broglie Relation and Significance of de-Broglie waves
-> The Wave Nature Of Electrons
-> Shapes of orbitals: s, p, d Shapes
-> Molecular Orbital Theory: Energy level diagram for molecular orbitals
-> Electronic configuration of a molecule and its correlation with molecular behaviour
-> Molecular orbital energy level diagrams -Hydrogen, Hypothetical, Nitrogen, Oxygen
-> Hybridization : Salient Features, Type, Example
-> Importance, Strength, Types of Hydrogen bonds - Intermolecular Forces

Periodic Classification II

-> Review Of Periodic Properties
-> Calculation Of Atomic Radius (Covalent Radius)
-> Calculation of ionic radii - Pauling's Method, Slater rules
-> Factors governing ionization energy
-> Electron Affinity or Electron gain enthalpy (E.A.)
-> Factors affecting electron affinity
-> Electronegativity Scales
-> Applications of electronegativity

p Block Elements

-> General characteristics of p-block elements
-> Electronic configuration of the Boron family elements
-> Group - 14 Elements - The Carbon Family
-> Silicones - structure and uses
-> Metallurgy of Lead: Ores, Properties, Extraction, Purification, Uses
-> Group - 15 Elements - The Nitrogen Family
-> Compounds of Phosphorus
-> Halides of Phosphorus: Phosphorus TrichlorideII. Phosphorus pentachloride - Preparation, properties, Structure
-> Oxides of phosphorus: Preparation, properties, Structure
-> Oxy-Acids of Phosphorus: Preparation, properties, Structure
-> Phosphine - PH3: Preparation, properties, Structure
-> Group 16 The 'Oxygen' Family
-> Group 17 - The Halogen Family
-> Anamalous Nature of Fluorine
-> Isolation, Physical, Chemical Properties, Uses Of Fluorine
-> Structures of interhalogen compounds
-> Group 18 Noble Gases Or Inert Gases
-> Isolation Of Noble Gases: Ramsay - Raleigh's and Dewar's Method
-> Uses Of Noble Gas

d Block Elements

-> Classification and Electronic configuration of d-block Elements
-> General characteristics of d-block elements
-> Copper: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
-> Chromium: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties, Uses and alloys
-> Zinc: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
-> silver: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
-> Gold: Occurrence, principles of extraction, Properties and Uses
-> Extraction from Gold Ores - Mac Arthur Forrest Cyanide Process
-> Potassium dichromate: Preparation, Properties and Uses
-> Copper Sulphate or Blue vitriol: Preparation, Properties and Uses
-> Silver nitrate or Lunar caustic: Preparation, Properties and Uses
-> Zinc carbonate and Purple of cassius: Preparation, Properties and Uses

f Block Elements

-> General Characteristics of f-block elements and extraction
-> General properties of Lanthanides
-> General Properties of Actinide Series
-> Comparison of Lanthanides and Actinides
-> Uses of Lanthanides and actinides
-> Simple salt and Molecular (or) addition compounds

Coordination Compounds and BioCoordination Compounds

-> Terminology Used In Coordination Chemistry
-> IUPAC Nomenclature Of Mononuclear Coordination Compounds
-> Types of Isomerism: Structural and Stereo isomerism
-> Theories Of Coordination Compounds: Werner's theory, Valence bond theory
-> Uses of coordination compounds
-> Bio Coordination Compounds – aemoglobin, Chlorophyll

Nuclear Chemistry

-> Nuclear Chemistry - Indroduction
-> Difference between chemical reactions and nuclear reactions
-> Type Of Nuclear Reaction
-> Radiocarbon Dating and Uses
-> Uses Of Radioactive Isotopes

Physical Chemistry

Solid State II

-> Types of Cubic System
-> Bragg's Equation and spectrometer method
-> Types Of Crystals
-> Imperfections In Solids
-> Super conductors property of Crystalline solids
-> Glasses - Amorphous solids

Thermodynamics II

-> Limitations Of First Law Of Thermodynamics
-> Second law of thermodynamics
-> Entropy And Entropy Change
-> Characteristics of entropy 'S'
-> Gibbs free energy 'G' and Standard free energy (G°)
-> Characteristics of Free energy 'G'
-> Le Chatelier's Principle: Haber's and Contact Process

Chemical Equilibrium II

-> Le Chatelier's Principle: Haber's and Contact Process
-> Attainment Of Equilibrium In Chemical Reactions

Chemical Kinetics II

-> Rate And Order Of A Reaction
-> Rate equation for first order reactions
-> Pseudo-First Order Reactions
-> Determination of rate constant of acid catalysed hydrolysis of an ester
-> Temperature Dependance Of Rate Constant
-> Simple And Complex Reactions : Difference and Types

Surface Chemistry

-> Classification, Factors affecting of adsorption of gases on solids
-> General characteristics and Types of catalytic reactions
-> Types of catalysts
-> Theories Of Catalysis
-> Colloids and Types of Colloids
-> Preparation Of Colloids : Dispersion and Condensation method
-> Purification Methods Of Sols
-> Properties of Colloids
-> Natural and Technical Applications Of Colloids
-> Emulsions and Types of emulsions

Electro Chemistry I

-> Electro Chemistry: Conductors , Insulators And Semi Conductors
-> Theory Of Electrolytic Conductance
-> Postulates of Arrhenius Theory
-> Evidences of Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation
-> Ostwald’s dilution law for weak electrolytes
-> Faraday’s Laws Of Electrolysis
-> Electrical Conductance Quantities
-> Variation Of Equivalent Conductance With Concentration
-> Kohlraush’s Law - Application with example
-> Ionic Product Of Water : The pH of solutions
-> Buffer Solutions
-> Henderson-Hasselbalch equation and its Significance
-> Selection of pH indicators and Titration
-> Ostwald’s theory and Quinonoid Theory

Electro Chemistry II

-> Electrochemistry – Cells and Daniel cell
-> Electro Chemistry - Cell Terminology
-> Single Electrode Potential

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