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11th Standard Higher secondary First Year

Chemistry -

Inorganic Chemistry

Chemical Calculations


-> Chemical Calculations : Formula Weight (FW) or Formula Mass
-> Mole Concept and Molar Mass with Example Problems
-> Converting Grams of Substances to Moles and Grams with Solved Problems
-> Calculation of Empirical Formula from Quantitative Analysis and Percentage composition
-> Stoichiometry Equations
-> Rules for writing stoichiometric equations
-> Balancing chemical equation in its molecular form
-> General Rules for assigning Oxidation Number to an atom
-> Balancing Redox reaction by Oxidation Number Method
-> Methods of Expressing the concentration of solution
-> Volumetric Analysis - Law with Solved problem
-> Determination of equivalent masses of elements
-> Equivalent mass of acid, base, salt, oxidising agent and reducing agent
-> Determination of Molecular Mass Victor-Meyer's Method
-> Calculations based on Principle of Volumetric Analysis

General Introduction to Metallurgy


-> Metallurgy - Ores and Minerals
-> Sources from earth, living systems and in sea
-> Metallurgy - Purification of ores
-> Metallurgical processes
-> Metallurgy - Purification of metals

Atomic Structure I


-> Rutherfordís Scattering Experiment
-> Defects of Rutherfordís model
-> Postulates of Bohrís model of an atom
-> Limitation of Bohrís Theory
-> Electronic configuration and quantum numbers
-> Shapes or boundary surfaces of Orbitals
-> Pauliís exclusion principle and Uses
-> Hundís rule of maximum multiplicity
-> Aufbau Principle
-> Stability of orbitals

Periodic Classification I


-> Brief history of periodic classification
-> Earlier periodic classification
-> Modern Periodic Law
-> IUPAC Nomenclature for Elements with Z greater than 100
-> Electronic configuration and periodic table
-> Types of elements: s-, p-,d-, f- Blocks
-> Atomic and ionic radii
-> Variation of Ionization Energy in the periodic Table
-> Factors Influencing Ionization Enthalpy
-> Electron affinity
-> Electronegativity
-> Anomalous periodic properties in terms of screening constant, stability etc.

Group 1 sBlock elements


-> The structure of the three isotopes of hydrogen
-> Deuterium: Methods of Preparation, properties and Uses
-> Tritium - preparation, Properties, Uses
-> Ortho and Para hydrogen: Conversion and Properties
-> Heavy water: Preparation, Principle, Properties, Important reactions, Uses
-> Hydrogen peroxide: Preparation, Properties, reactions, Uses
-> Liquid hydrogen as a fuel
-> Alkali Metals: General characteristics, Physical Properties
-> Lithium : Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses
-> Sodium: Extraction, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses

Group 2 sBlock elements


-> Group 2 s - Block Elements
-> Magnesium: Important Ores, Metallurgy, Properties, Uses
-> Compounds of alkaline earth metals

pBlock elements


-> p-Block Elements - General Characteristics
-> Group 13 - Boron Group (B, Al, Ga, In, Tl): Extraction, Properties
-> Carbon group elements: properties, Structure, Uses
-> Structure of Diamond, Graphite, Buckminster fullerenes
-> Metallic character of Carbon group elements
-> Nitrogen Group
-> Nitric acid: Preparation, Properties
-> Importance of molecular oxygen
-> Oxygen: Oxides Classification
-> Ozone: Laboratory preparation, Properties, Uses, structure, layer
-> Factors affecting ozone layer

Physical Chemistry

Solid state I


-> Crystalline solids and Amorphous solids
-> Difference between Crystalline and Amorphous Solids
-> Characteristic parameters and seven classes of unit cell
-> Miller Indices

Gaseous state I


-> Properties of gases
-> The gas laws: Boyle's law and Charle's Law
-> Numerical values of gas constant (R)
-> Dalton's law of partial Pressures
-> Graham's Law of Diffusion
-> Causes for deviation of real gas from ideal behaviour
-> Vanderwaal's Equation of state : Units, Significance, Limitations
-> Gaseous state - Critical phenomena
-> Joule-Thomson Effect and Inversion temperature (Ti)
-> Conditions of liquefaction of gases: Linde's Method, Claude's process

Chemical Bonding


-> Elementary theories on Chemical Bonding
-> Kossel-Lewis approach to Chemical Bonding
-> Ionic (or) Electrovalent bond
-> Lattice energy and Born - Haber's cycle
-> Determination and Calculation of lattice enthalpy of NaCl
-> Properties of electrovalent (or) ionic compounds
-> Covalent bond: Lewis dot structure and Double bond formation
-> Characteristics of covalent compounds
-> Fajan's rules: Covalent character of ionic bonds
-> Polarity of Covalent Bonds
-> Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR) Theory
-> Directional Properties of Covalent Bonds
-> Theory of Hybridisation
-> Chemical Bonding: Concept of Resonance
-> Co-ordinate-covalent bonding or Dative bonding

Colligative Properties


-> Colligative Properties and its Scope
-> Lowering of Vapour Pressure
-> Raoult's Law and Dynamic method (or) Ostwald - Walker method
-> Depression of freezing point of dilute solution
-> Measurement of freezing point depression by Beckmann method
-> Elevation of boiling point of dilute solutions and Cottrell's Method
-> Osmosis in solution
-> Determination of molecular weight and osmotic pressure by Berkley-Hartley method
-> Abnormal Colligative Properties

Thermodynamics I


-> Introduction and Terminology used in Thermodynamics
-> Thermodynamics: State functions of a system
-> Thermodyanamic processes
-> Different between Exothermic and endothermic processes
-> Thermodynamics: Difference between Irreversible and Reversible process
-> Nature of thermodynamic functions
-> Zeroth law of thermodynamics or Thermal equilibrium
-> Thermodynamics: Work, heat and energy
-> First law of thermodynamics
-> Relation between enthalpy `H' and internal energy `U'
-> Thermochemical equations
-> Enthalpy of combustion - Bomb calorimeter
-> Enthalpy of neutralisation

Chemical Equilibrium I


-> Scope and Nature of Chemical Equilibrium
-> Dynamic Equilibrium: Characteristics, Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
-> Law of chemical equilibrium and equilibrium constant with example
-> Formation of HI from H2 and I2 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
-> Dissociation of PCl5 - Equilibrium constants in terms of degree of dissociation
-> Characteristics of Equilibrium constant
-> Heterogeneous equilibria

Chemical Kinetics I


-> Scope of chemical kinetics
-> Rate of chemical reactions
-> Factors influencing reaction rates
-> Chemical Kinetics: Unit of rate constant
-> Molecularity of the reaction
-> Classification of rates based on the order of the reaction
-> Characteristics of organic compounds
-> Purification of Organic compounds: Crystallisation
-> Sublimation - Purification of Organic compounds
-> Methods for the purification of liquids Distillation
-> Chromatography and Different Chromatographic Techniques

Organic Chemistry

Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry


-> Basic Concepts Of Organic Chemistry - Introduction
-> Classification of Organic Compounds: open chain, cyclic compounds

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