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Civil - Remote Sensing Techniques and GIS - EMR and Its Interaction With Atmosphere and Earth Material

Atmospheric Windows

   Posted On :  09.08.2016 08:07 pm
Atmospheric Windows

While EMR is transmitted from the sun to the surface of the earth, it passes through the atmosphere. Here, electromagnetic radiation is scattered and absorbed by gases and dust particles. Besides the major atmospheric gaseous components like molecular nitrogen and oxygen, other constituents like water vapour, methane, hydrogen, helium and nitrogen compounds play important role in modifying electro magnetic radiation.

ATMOSPHERIC WINDOWS

 

While EMR is transmitted from the sun to the surface of the earth, it passes through the atmosphere. Here, electromagnetic radiation is scattered and absorbed by gases and dust particles. Besides the major atmospheric gaseous components like molecular nitrogen and oxygen, other constituents like water vapour, methane, hydrogen, helium and nitrogen compounds play important role in modifying electro magnetic radiation. This affects image quality. Regions of the electromagnetic spectrum in which the atmosphere is transparent are called atmospheric windows. In other words, certain spectral regions of the electromagnetic radiation pass through the atmosphere without much attenuation are called atmospheric windows. The atmosphere is practically transparent in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum and therefore, many of the satellite based remote sensing sensors are designed to collect data in this region. Some of the commonly used atmospheric windows are shown in the figure.

 

 

 

Figure . They are: 0.38-0.72 microns (visible), 0.72-3.00 microns (near infra-red and middle infra-red), and 8.00-14.00 microns (thermal infra-red).

 

Transmission100%UVVisibleInfraredEnergy Blocked0.3 Wavelength (microns)1101001 mm

 


Tags : Civil - Remote Sensing Techniques and GIS - EMR and Its Interaction With Atmosphere and Earth Material
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